Hong Kong protests explained simply
For weeks we assisted at increasing protests in Hong Kong. Why is this happening? And what are they protesting for? Keep watching to find out. Hi guys, welcome back to The Weekly Debate. Hong Kong, what is going on? Let’s try to understand so, bando alle ciance. Hong Kong has been rocked by pro-democracy anti-government protests for more than five months now with escalating violence and anger. What began as peaceful mass marches has exploded into the biggest political crisis the city has ever seen. The protests began in June with one main objective: for the government to retire a controversial bill that would have allowed extradition of fugitives to China. Critics worried Beijing could use the bill to prosecute people for political reasons under China’s opaque legal system. First off, what’s the deal between Hong King and China? Well, Hong Kong originally was a British colony. That changed in 1997 when it was handed back to China under a policy knows as “one country, two systems” Hong Kong in fact is a semi-autonomous city with its own legal and political system. The policy let Hong Kong many keep liberties denied to citizens on the mainland includind free speech, unrestricted internet acess and the right to free assembly. Of course after the bill was promulgated Hong Kong’s citizens felt like the bil could limit the city’s autonomy. The bill in fact would have allowed people accused of crimes to be sent to places with which Hong Kong had no extradition treaty including mainland China where the courts are controlled by the Communist Party. Hundreds of thousands of people feared the bill would allow Beijing to target dissends in Hong Kong with false charges joined a peaceful march to oppose the bill on the 9th of June. Unfortunately, what began as peaceful protests increasingly descended into violent clashes with police and suddenly the bill was not the only important matter. The movement in fact quickly grew to include five more demands. Fully withdraw the extradition bill. Set up and independent inquiry to probe police brutality. Withdraw a characterization of early protests as “riots”. Release those arrested at protests. And finally, implement universal suffrage in Hong Kong. By the time Hong Kong’s leader, Carrie Lam, agreed to the first demand retiring the bill it was too late to repress the movement’s impetus. I say it again. The bill is not the only important matter now. Hong Kong’s citizens want more. To put it simply, they want democracy. As we can see from these pictures the main problem about protests is the increasing violence. Violence that started to grow after at least 45 people were injured in the subway on the 21st of July. After that event protesters accused the police of inaction during the attack. And many saw this as the sign that police couldn’t be trusted to protect the people. Protesters have also become more extreme in their vandalism setting fires in subway stations and smashing shop windows. These people of course received many criticisms from the people who oppose the movement and even the people who support it. Now, what is Hong Kong government going to do? Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam with other official bodies have take a hard line. So the Government is not going to satisfy the protesters’ demands for now at least chosing instead to answer to violence with more violence. Of course a response came to China as well. Beijing said the protests showed sign of terrorism. While, Xi Jimping the President of China… …the Emperor of China more like it has demanded an to violence saying that stopping the violence and restoring order was Hong Kong’s most urgent task. In terms of actual action the central Chinese government hasn’t done much, lettin Hong Kong leaders deal with the crisis. But the threat of Chinese military intervention has hung over the movement for months. China in fact can count on 6 thousand soldiers in Hong Kong but, although they represent a possible threat, it’s not clear if Beijing will actually use them. What happens now? Well, right now it’s impossible to understand what is going to happen. Both the protesters and the government unwilling to give ground. Although I have to say that it is really sad that what began as peaceful marches to ask for more freedom and more rights has exploded into violent protests. Because of that violence protesters are seen as the bad guys even the ones who protest peacefully. And it makes everyone who supports the protesters look like a bad guy as well. Violence should be used only if stricly necessary and it must alwasy be condemned whe the only thing it generates is sensless destruction. Of course it ca be hard to pick sides when we see such violent actions but anyone who fights for democracy, for more right and for a better future has my support. But tell me guys, what do you think about this event? And which side would you choose? Let me know with a comment. Also take a look at my other videos, don’t forget to subscribe and I’ll see you again next time.