12 Surprising Facts About Mount Rushmore!

From its creation, to some secrets that aren’t
well known, join me as we discover 12 surprising facts about Mount Rushmore! 12. The Reason For The Presidents
The United States has many monuments dedicated to its many Presidents who have made true
history over the years. Such as the Washington and Lincoln Memorials
in Washington DC, the nations’ capital. So many people sometimes ask why George Washington,
Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt were selected of the dozens of Presidents
to be put on the mountain that is Mount Rushmore. The simple and honest answer is that when
you combine what these four did, they helped make a vast majority of what the United States
is today in one form or another. George Washington was the man who helped lead
the Continental Army against the British in the Revolutionary War, and when he was President,
he was a symbol for the nations’ birth. So thus “Creation” earned him his spot. Thomas Jefferson also played a part in America’s
Independence. And when he was the 3rd President of the United
States, he went and made a deal in 1803 with France’s leader Napoleon to get the Louisiana
Purchase, which gave the United States double the land it had before. To his name is “Expansion” associated with. Abraham Lincoln had the dubious honor of being
President during the first and only Civil War in history of the United States. Though his hard work and dedication and faith
in America, the North was able to beat the South and be a singular country once again. So thus “Unification” was Lincoln’s ticket
to the mountain. And finally, Theodore Roosevelt did a lot
of things during his time as President, including getting a Nobel Peace Prize by helping bring
peace to another war (Russia and Japan). But he also realized that to help our nation
grow, we must preserve nature. So he helped set up nature reserves all over
the country that continue to this day. He helped the “Preservation” of America. So as you can see, these four men, two of
whom never met the others, all helped shape America to what it is today, and for that,
we are all grateful. And to that end, they earned their places
on Mount Rushmore. 11. The Secret Room
When it comes to a monument like Mount Rushmore, especially in terms of the sheer size of it,
you almost have to wonder if there was an “ulterior motive” for making it. And throughout the history of it there have
been plenty of tall tales about what’s “actually” within the massive mountain. Including ancient Native American gold as
the movie National Treasure Book Of Secrets said. However, in truth, there is a secret in the
mountain, but it’s a room. The room itself is within Abe Lincoln’s section
of the place, and it was designed by the actual sculptor of Mount Rushmore, which actually
makes a lot of sense when you think about it. The sculptor made a secret room with a rather
beautiful purpose, for he wanted to contain the entire history of America within this
room. Likely so that if anything happened to the
country, these artifacts would likely remain. The sculptor had parts of the room dedicated
to the Bill of Rights, the Constitution, the Declaration of Independence and more. So this isn’t a “conspiracy room”, it’s actually
one of preservation, Teddy would be proud. He died before being able to complete the
History of America, but others took up the cause within the room. It’s actually unknown just how much is within
the room now, as well as what other documents might be in there. Which brings us to the other part of the “secret”
room…it’s going to stay a secret in terms of its true look and contents. There are no tours of the room, and since
the door is actually on Abe Lincoln’s face, you can’t just go up there and get in. So while its purpose isn’t mysterious, what
actually remains in there now most definitely is. A true secret room many decades after it was
built to be anything but. 10. Why The Black Hills? Let’s talk about location for a bit, shall
we? When you think of some of the biggest and
most popular monuments in the world, you associate them with big cities or areas. The Space Needles is in Seattle, Washington. The Washington and Lincoln Memorials are in
Washington D.C., the Empire State Building is in New York, the Golden Gate Bridge is
in San Francisco and so on and so forth. But Mount Rushmore is in South Dakota…not
exactly a “big state”, or a popular state in terms of how many people live there (not
even one million at last census). So why was this landmark put in the Black
Hills of South Dakota? Simple, in 1923 a historian named Doane Robinson
wanted to BRING more people to South Dakota. And he felt that a monument, especially one
that would symbolize the country via its Presidents, would attract a lot of folks. Sure enough, over 3 million people a year
go and visit Mount Rushmore. Nearly 4 times as many people go see than
the monument than those who actually live in the state. Tourism, it’s a fuel for just about anything. 9. Not Originally Presidents Though
All that being said, it actually wasn’t the Black Hills that was the first spot of this
monument, nor was it originally going to be Presidents that were sculpted into it. Originally, he wanted to carve Western heroes
and explorers into a set of stone pinnacles called “The Needles”. As for who would be carved into them, that
would be Oglala Lakota leader Red Cloud, explorers Lewis and Clark, and Buffalo Bill Cody. To be fair, each of them did have their own
marks on United States history, and I’m sure that some people would love to see the original
intended model of the “Needles” be done. However, when you compare them to what Mount
Rushmore is, and what it brings, and what it means, you can understand why they decided
to switch things up. I’m sure this is a different form of “revising
history”. 8. Quality Of Stone And Construction
When it came to actually make Mount Rushmore, it was not an easy endeavor. Not the least of which was because the intent
of the monument was to have four giant stone faces carved into a mountain. Which means that the stone needed to be extra
strong to withstand withering, yet also be flexible enough to be carved into. Thus, the granite rock of the Black Hills
was chosen. Plus, the location of the mountain in the
Black Hills was perfect for people to see it from miles around. As an extra bonus, the position of the mountain
itself was facing southeast, which would mean that the sun above would shine down on it
for most of the day. Thus allowing the sunlight to “fill up” the
granite structure and make it shine even more brilliantly. That being said, construction was not easy,
Work on Mount Rushmore began all the way back in 1927, and it took until 1941 for it to
be completed. Over that span of time, 400 workers risked
their lives to try and carve the faces into the stone, and when all was said and done,
over 450,000 tons of stone was removed from the mountain in order to make Mount Rushmore. Despite all the danger and risk, no lives
were lost in the making of Mount Rushmore. Something many other monuments in those days
can’t say. 7. A Different Kind Of Honeycomb
Surely you must be thinking, “They couldn’t have done that all by hand…could they?” And the answer is honestly, “no”. While a lot of specific carving was done by
hand to be sure, one of the main tools that was used to shape the granite mountain was
actually dynamite. That’s right, they actually blasted it into
submission at times. In fact, 90% of the carving of Mount Rushmore
was done via dynamite. Then they did the more refined work via a
technique known as “honeycombing”. Basically, they would drill holes into the
mountain, and then continue drilling those holes close together so that they could slowly
chip out the rock that they needed to remove. This was a very finesse style of construction. And it worked to great effect as you can see
in the faces of the Presidents. 6. We Who Mine Here Salute You… So what kind of men would be brave enough
to go and climb a mountain and try to carve Presidents out of them? Why…miners of course. That’s right, it wasn’t a group of artists
who helped make Mount Rushmore what it is today, it was actually a large group of miners. You see, the miners in question had been trying
to find gold in the Black Hills of South Dakota. And eventually, they were hired to make Mount
Rushmore. To be fair, the overall project was overseen
by a Danish-American sculptor named Gutzon Borglum, but the hard labor was done by these
miners. Which worked in their favor as the miners
had experience not only with stone, but with dynamite. 5. A Fifth Face
As is the way of history, when a person that is deemed “special” comes around and wants
to be honored, many people seek to add them to key monuments that represent greatness. Sure enough, that actually happened in 1937,
where Congress tried to pass a bill stating that a fifth person was to be put on Mount
Rushmore. Who was that person? None other than Susan B. Anthony, the leader
of the Women’s Rights movement that swept the nation in the early 1900’s and helped
women finally get the right to vote (among other things of course). Despite it obviously not happening, this was
quite a gesture, and a bill really was put into Congress to try and make it happen. However, eventually, Congress rescinded the
offer and stated that only the four original faces were to be put on the mountain. You could say they had a change of heart,
or, that since Mount Rushmore was already over a decade into construction that they
didn’t want to muck things up now. Either way, Anthony didn’t get her face on
the mountain, but could you imagine if she did? What an honor it would’ve been, and a symbol
to all women could’ve been immortalized. As for the “meaning” of her placement, I would
go as far as to say “Equalization.” As all men and women should be treated equally. 4. The Cost
As in all things, such a project was going to cost money, especially with all the dynamite
and workers that needed to be hired in order to make this thing work. But you might be surprised by how much, or
rather, how little, it actually cost to make. All told, start to finish, over the course
of 14 years, Mount Rushmore cost…$1 million dollars to make. Yeah, that’s it, $1 million dollars. Granted, in the 1920s-1940s a million was
a lot of money. Especially when you consider this was when
the United States was going through the Great Depression and money was seriously tight. Still though, they got it done. Now, if you were to convert that into today’s
figures, that would mean that Mount Rushmore cost about $14.4 million dollars. Which seems more appropriate when you think
about it. 3. Face Off
When you look at the structure that is Mount Rushmore, the order of the Presidents goes:
Washington, Jefferson, Roosevelt and Lincoln. However, at one time, that wasn’t to be the
order. Instead, Thomas Jefferson was going to be
first from left to right. In fact, his face was actually carved to the
right of Washington (from Washington’s perspective) for over a year. However, as construction got deeper, they
realized that the rock wouldn’t be able to last. So, they actually dynamited his entire face
off the mountain, then restarted the whole process on the other side of Washington. 2. A Head Of The Men
Considering some of the other monuments that have portrayed great men and women of stature,
it may seem odd that Mount Rushmore actually only has the heads of these four great Presidents. While, it actually wasn’t intentional. Really. At first, Mount Rushmore was supposed to have
the Presidents with their heads and in full torso. They even had a concept sculpture showing
it off. However, funding eventually got that part
of the monument scrapped, and by 1941, they called Mount Rushmore “complete”, and it stands
as it is now because of that. 1. The Man Named Rushmore
In order to save the best for last, allow me to ask you a question. Where did Mount Rushmore get its name? Ah, never thought about it before, have you? That’s natural, as the name feels important,
but you forget about it when you look at its meaning. Anyway, the truth of the matter is that name
“Mount Rushmore” came from a lawyer from New York named Charles E. Rushmore. But not because he helped fund the project,
or was a key worker or sculptor or anything like that. Rather, he got it named after him…after
just visiting the place. No, really. During its construction, the lawyer came to
South Dakota to see it, and when asking a tour guide about its name, the person said
it didn’t have one, so the guide took up the lawyers name and called it “Mount Rushmore”. Eventually, Rushmore donated $5000 to the
project to help complete it. So I guess you could say he bought the name,
but either way, his name is now as legendary as the Presidents that he once gazed upon
in stone. Thanks for watching everyone! Did you learn something new about Mount Rushmore
via our list? What facts or secrets surprised you the most? Have you been to Mount Rushmore before? Let us know in the comments below, be sure
to subscribe, and I’ll see you next time!

Author Since: Mar 11, 2019

  1. Awesome content..
    Stuff that I didn't learn at school.. I've been learning by watching videos like this..
    Thank you for sharing..💖

  2. Get the chisels out and start carving the Great White hope, The chosen one, one of the greatest presidents of all time Donald. J. Trump.

  3. I ALWAYS wondered how it got it's name for MANY MANY years. However, the ways that I imagined it were better than the truth.🕵😉
    I love your videos!!!❤

  4. Not to sound like an ass…but the first picture they show of a George Washington statue isn't in Washington that is Independence Hall in Philadelphia.

  5. Alright, can americans IGNORE the fact that Theodore Roosevelt's brother Franklin Roosevelt went to the Philippines and took over our country?! Like wtf??

  6. Oh I know what the next head to be added Kathleen Jenner the first transgender activist LOL it will replace Susan B. Anthony's place.

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